What to See & Do in Bhutan






Bhutan is a calm, spiritual place and is a wonderful place to reflect on our many blessings.

The prayer flags were wonderful. You see many flapping in the wind against dark blue skies and white snow capped mountains as you cross over the passes. They are blue, green, red, yellow and white representing the elements of water, wood, fire and earth. They represent prayers sent to heaven.

Seeing the Dzongs: Bhutan’s Dzongs are huge white citadels (or fortresses) that dominate the major towns. They serve as the administrative headquarters for all of the country’s dzongkhags and the focus of secular and religious authority in each district. They are also monasteries with many monks living in each one. I saw the Dzongs in Paro, Thimphu, Punakha, Trongsa and Jakar. They are really interesting and are beautifully decorated. Punakha had three gorgeous courtyards with beautiful carvings and decorations. At Trongsha I saw dancers practicing and loved the monks and paintings at Jakar.

There are many prayer wheels which are so interesting. The turning of prayer wheels is a practice seen all over Bhutan. The cylindrical wheels, some of which are hand held and others are huge and located outside the temples, are filled with prayers which are “said” each time the wheel is turned. Monks and devotees spin the wheels to gain additional merit and to concentrate the mind on the mantras and prayers they are reciting. You see many people walking around the larger wheels in a circle chanting Om Mani Padme Hum (or hail to the jewel in the lotus), the main mantra of Tibetan Buddhists.

The colorful houses which are painted with various designs; floral patterns representing the lotus, clouds, mystical animals such as the garuda and large phalluses for fertility.

Visit the local, colorful weekend market in Thimphu.

Seeing the native dress: All men and women wear the distinctive traditional dress as required by the King. Men wear ghos which mostly come in plaid or stripes. They are long robes hoisted to knee length and held in place by a woven cloth belt or kera. They also wear knee socks. The women wear a floor-length dress called a kira. This is a rectangular piece of silk or cotton cloth that wraps around the body over a silk blouse. The kira is fastened at the shoulders with elaborate silver hooks and at the waist with a belt of silver or cloth. They then wear a short jacket called a toego.

Seeing an archery match: It was interesting to see an archery match in Thimpu since it is considered the national sport.

Attending a festival: I was so fortunate to be able to go to a small festival in the remote village of Ngang Lhakhang, above Bumthang. There is a temple that was built in the 15th century and I was able to sit in on one of the prayer sessions with the monks praying out-loud and playing instruments including cymbals, drums and a high pitched trumpet. I was offered tea with milk and sugar, along with a cookie, as I watched this magical prayer service. I had my horseman, cook and guide so I had my tent pitched and food cooked. A very interesting experience. The villagers were so kind, the kids wonderful and the dancing very magical. Try to plan your trip around one of the major festivals.

Seeing the countryside: I loved seeing the terraced rice fields and wonderful vistas of small farms and homes. The roads are very windy so be prepared for a lot of curves.

Hiking to Taktshang Monastery (or Tigers Nest) outside of Paro: It is one of the most sacred  Buddhist sites in the world and was established in the 8th century by Guru Rimpoche. It was damaged by a fire in 1998 but rebuilt. It is really spectacular to see! There is a cafeteria on the trail which is a great place for a tea break. This hike and the hike to the festival were my only treks. There are many who trek to very remote places.

Chimi Lhakhang: I enjoyed the walk to Chimi Lhakhang. You walk across the farm fields from the road to the temple. There are a few monks, but there is a row of prayer wheels and beautiful slate carvings.

Wangdichholing Palace: This was a palace built in 1857, and a principal residence of the first and second kings.

Kurjey Lhakhang temple complex: A group of three buildings with the oldest temple built in 1652.

National Museum: I enjoyed the National Museum (Ta Dzong) which is located in an unusual round building.

The altars in the temples: I could not take pictures of the altars but they were really interesting. I loved the water bowls as offerings, butter lamps, dried flowers, small change as offerings and food offerings of sugar. I also loved the prayer books with bundles of paper with calligraphy. The unbound pages are collected between carved boards, wrapper in silk and tied with silk ribbons.

There is also a National Textile Museum in Thimphu. I would recommend trying to see this while there.

In addition, the food was just okay. Luckily I was able to eat tourist food as the local diet consists of rice, chilies and cheese which is very spicy. This was something I didn’t try!